Traction Control System (TCS): Design & Working explained
TCS is an abbreviation of the Traction Control System. As the name suggests, this system deals with controlling the traction of the drive wheels of the vehicle. The main purpose of employing this system is to control wheel slip occurring during acceleration on slippery roads. The TCS is always coupled with ABS and uses the hardware of ABS to function.
Usually, it is experienced that the wheels of a vehicle spin on the same location without moving forward when accelerated on slippery roads like ice-covered roads. This happens due to the reduced friction. In such a case, if the speed of rotation of that wheel lowers, then the wheel achieves its desired tractive force and can move forward under control. Thus, the role of the TCS begins here.
How the TCS works in a car?
The Electronic Control Unit (ECU) has the module of the Traction Control System in it. It compares the vehicle's drive wheels' rotational speeds with the help of the ABS's wheel speed sensors. If any of the drive wheels are rotating at exceptionally high speeds, the TCS considers it as the corresponding wheel's spinning.
The TCS, then, immediately sends a signal to apply brakes to that particular wheel. Thus, the traction control system avoids the wheel-slip, allowing the driver to accelerate under control. There are some other ways also by which Traction Control System can avoid wheel spinning, such as reducing the engine power delivered to the spinning wheel or cutting off the fuel supply to some engine cylinders, etc.
A common misconception about the traction control system is that it prevents the wheel from sticking in the snow. But this is not true as the system does not have the ability to increase the wheel traction above its normal range. However, the use of TCS is especially useful for people driving on snow-covered roads regularly.