What is a Moped?
It is a small, two-wheeled automotive bicycle-vehicle with pedals. Swedish journalist Harald Nielsen first made up the word 'moped in 1952. It is a combination of the Swedish words "motor" and "pedaler". It employs a smaller capacity automotive engine to run itself. Generally, most mopeds in the world install a small petrol engine for this purpose.
Earlier, the manufacturers offered a Two-Stroke/Spark Ignition (SI) engine for them. Nowadays, they use a Four-Stroke/Spark Ignition engine due to regulations for emission control. However, nowadays, battery-powered e-mopeds are also getting popular.
Generally, manufacturers divide small two-wheeled bikes into two categories. They are Scooters and Mopeds. There are other sub-categories scooteretts. However, many fall into these two main categories according to their application and usage. Indian brands Hero and TVS made them popular in India with Hero Puch & TVS Luna being very popular. So, most of these have similar size and price-range compared to other bike types.
Watch how to start a moped:
Most people use mopeds for daily commuting. It may be a very short distance ranging from 5 km to 15 km or so. Besides, you can also peddle them and use as bicycles. Hence, the manufacturers offer smaller engine capacities for these bikes. They have engine capacities of 50cc and power output up to 5 bhp. Hero Puch with a low-capacity engine claimed to deliver an astonishing average of up to 90 Km/L. However, the newer generation TVS XL 100 has a 100cc engine which delivers a combo of 4.5 Ps power and 67 Km/L mileage.
Often, they have a simple design/shape and manufacturing process. Most mopeds have a step-through frame design while others have a chassis-frame design. It includes a backbone and a raised fuel tank that sits directly between the saddle and the head tube. However, some early models had pedals too. The term "moped" now applies only to low-power (often super-economy) vehicles.
Technically, they are economical to make and buy compared to commuter bikes. They have more mileage and low maintenance. Primarily, their focus is on affordability and convenience. They also have inexpensive and durable spare parts. Hence, they are easy on pockets and do not have many petty issues to deal with.