What is AMT?
AMT stands for Automated Manual Transmission. It is a type of semi-automatic transmission. ‘Clutchless Manual Transmission’ is another name for AMT. It is gaining rapid popularity among vehicle manufacturers and customers. This is because it offers the cost-effectiveness over the conventional automatic transmission. In addition, this technology is also very convenient to use.
Like many other vehicle systems, the manufacturers initially developed Automated Manual Transmission for Formula 1 vehicles. However, they now use it on the present day passenger vehicles as well.
In India, it is introduced for the first time by Maruti Suzuki on their hatch Celerio and is now being offered on the New Alto K10 as well. Magneti Marelli developed the AMT system employed on Maruti Celerio. Tata Motors is also planning to introduce such a system. It is being developed by ZF Sachs for their popular small car Nano.
Components & Working of Automated Manual Transmission:
In very simple terms, Automatic Manual Transmission is nothing but a manual transmission. It operates without the need to operate the clutch pedal. Instead, it employs an electro-mechanical clutch actuator that operates the clutch as and when required.
There are two components of the AMT or Automatic Manual Transmission. The electronic components and hydraulic components. Out of these two, the hydraulic components are actuators. They perform tasks such as engaging and disengaging of the clutch and gears. Sometimes, they allow the driver to choose the gear of his choice. In such a case, their only role is to give assistance. Generally, the designers club all the hydraulic components together and mount them on the gearbox as a single unit.
In Automatic Manual Transmission system, Transmission Control Unit (TCU) is the most intelligent electronic component. It governs the operation of this entire system. TCU takes into account the current driving conditions, engine operating condition and also the requirements of the driver. It then processes all the data and engages the desired gear accordingly.